A ticker code or symbol is an abbreviation used to quickly identify publicly traded shares of a particular company on a stock market. A ticker code may consist of letters, numbers, or a combination of both. The name “ticker” historically refers to the symbols that were printed on the ticker tape of a ticker tape machine, the earliest digital electronic communications medium in use to transmit stock price information over telegraph lines between approximately 1870 to 1970.
Financial news programs even today typically show ticker symbols at the bottom or top of the news programs in a scrolling line. For a specific stock mark, tickers are unique and identify specific stocks or shares of a company. The same ticker code may, however, represent different companies on different exchanges. An example of this is the “DRI” ticker. On different exchanges it represents either the company “Drillisch AG” (Frankfurt Stock Exchange) or “Darden Restaurants Inc” (New York Stock Exchange). Sometimes additional codes are also added to a ticker that represent an exchange.
Specific listings for shares of a company at different markets will include additional characters after the ticker to indicate these listings: “VOD” is the ticker for the Vodafone Group Plc. “VOD.L” is the ticker for the listing at the London Stock exchange. “VOD.O” is the ticker code at the Nasdaq exchange.
When you use Ticker lists for research be careful when using historical lists. Some databases have historical data and may provide ticker codes for companies that have changed their ticker or may now represent different companies. Some codes are also reused. Quick checks of your dataset may provide outliers that you need to investigate.
In Datastream you can upload US ticker code lists to search for data. To upload codes you need to add the text “U:”. Example: ticker code “AAPL” would become “U:AAPL.” Nasdaq codes that start with the character “@” can be used as they are. In the database SDC Platinum, ticker lists can also be uploaded. FactSet also works with Ticker codes but they sometimes have additions to them: a regional ticker for instance has additional characters for the country. The Ticker code for Apple could look like AAPL-US.
NARCIS is dé nationale portal voor wie informatie zoekt over wetenschappers en hun werk. Naast wetenschappers maken ook studenten, journalisten en medewerkers binnen onderwijs, overheid en het bedrijfsleven gebruik van NARCIS.
NARCIS biedt toegang tot wetenschappelijke informatie waaronder (open access) publicaties afkomstig uit de repositories van alle Nederlandse universiteiten, KNAW, NWO en diverse wetenschappelijke instellingen, datasets van een aantal data-archieven, alsmede beschrijvingen van onderzoeksprojecten, onderzoekers en onderzoeksinstituten.
Dit houdt in dat NARCIS (nog) niet gebruikt kan worden als ingang tot complete overzichten van publicaties van onderzoekers. Er zijn echter steeds meer instellingen die al hun wetenschappelijke publicaties via NARCIS toegankelijk maken. Op deze wijze kunnen de publicatielijsten van de wetenschappers zo compleet mogelijk worden gemaakt.
In 2004 is de ontwikkeling van NARCIS gestart als een samenwerkingsproject van KNAW Onderzoek Informatie, NWO, VSNU en METIS in het kader van de dienstenontwikkeling binnen het DARE-programma van SURFfoundation. Dit project heeft de portal NARCIS verwezenlijkt, waarin in januari 2007 de dienst DAREnet is geïncorporeerd. Sinds 2011 is NARCIS een dienst van DANS.
A MOOC is an online course aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web.
National Academic Research and Collaborations Information System
NARCIS is the main national portal for those looking for information about researchers and their work. Besides researchers, NARCIS is also used by students, journalists and people working in educational and government institutions as well as the business sector.
NARCIS provides access to scientific information, including (open access) publications from the repositories of all the Dutch universities, KNAW, NWO and a number of research institutes, datasets from some data archives as well as descriptions of research projects, researchers and research institutes.
This means that NARCIS cannot be used as an entry point to access complete overviews of publications of researchers (yet). However, there are more institutions that make all their scientific publications accessible via NARCIS. By doing so, it will become possible to create much more complete publication lists of researchers.
In 2004, the development of NARCIS started as a cooperation project of KNAW Research Information, NWO, VSNU and METIS, as part of the development of services within the DARE programme of SURFfoundation. This project resulted in the NARCIS portal, in which the DAREnet service was incorporated in January 2007. NARCIS has been part of DANS since 2011.
When people create educational resources, they may choose to share them with others openly and freely. This means that others can use these materials as part of their courses and lessons without permission. A creator of an open textbook, for example, can give explicit permission to others to use their book free of charge. We call these open education resources (OER).
Read more about it in our LibGuide Resource Centre for Education Resources and Copyright