Scientific publications don't exist in isolation, but serve as a medium for communication between academics and are therefore part of the wider scientific process. During your work always keep in mind that you are part of a community. In other words: try to look 'beyond your own shadow'. What else is going on in the field? And how can your research contribute to this academic dialogue?
The video "Scientific Field" helps you to expand the reach and impact of your own investigations.
The research community is defined by academics responding to each other’s work. They can do this in various ways:
In new publications, this continuous passing on of knowledge is reflected in and facilitated by the inclusion of references to earlier publications. In the course of time, a huge body of scientific publications has been created, distributed around the world in libraries, archives and databases, to which the academic community constantly refers. By referring to other sources you acknowledge the contributions of others to your research field.
A reference is a statement of key details identifying a particular book, a particular chapter in a book or a particular journal article. A reference includes at least the name(s) of the author(s), the title of the document and the year of publication. These serve to distinguish clearly between the findings of your own research and text and data that you have gleaned from other sources. This is so that the reader may go back to the original publication and check out the information you have used.
Academic researchers often draw upon the work of others. Through academic publications researchers communicate their findings and results and open them to the academic world. In the academic process it is good practice to justify how you came to the conclusions of your research. You can do this by mentioning which methods you used, which data it resulted in and which literature you used to support your research.
This enables the readers to assess your research.
By referring to other publications, you show whose work you are drawing upon or discussing. If you do not include proper references in your work, you could be accused of plagiarism: passing off others' work, ideas or arguments as your own. Plagiarism is regarded as fraud and is taken very seriously in the academic world. Infringement of copyright is also a crime. Referencing properly safeguards you from getting into trouble.
In the academic world, scientific research is often reviewed by others in the field. Sometimes they map the entire field, sometimes a single publication where the reviewer discusses the academic work. Also, before a paper is admitted to a journal, it is reviewed by other academics to judge its academic credibility. This is called peer review. Through peer review you as a researcher know your work is sound and the journal upholds its reputation. For readers/researchers peer review is an indication of trustworthy literature.
Images speak louder than words, goes the saying. And indeed, if you want to explore the field you’re working in, try to draw this field. Generally this is being done through a so-called ‘concept map’. At a glance you see who your peers are, as well as the most relevant journals, but also which policy makers hold key positions. In that way a concept map is not only informative, it may also be of strategic help, for instance when you apply for a grant. Once you know ‘your’ decision-makers’, you can address them in the most purposeful manner.
Naturally, you don’t draw a concept map when writing a short presentation, meant for an informal setting. However, it may be a useful instrument before writing an extensive project plan.
Most often you start in the center thinking up associatively. You can do this with a peer. As you progress your perspective could shift.
Keep in mind that scientific publications don't exist in isolation, but serve as media for communication between academics and are therefore part of the wider scientific process. One thing often overlooked is the fact that academia are part of society and society has a growing concern for the relevance of academic research for society.Therefore don't forget to ask youself: where would I situate 'society' in my concept map?
NARCIS is dé nationale portal voor wie informatie zoekt over wetenschappers en hun werk. Naast wetenschappers maken ook studenten, journalisten en medewerkers binnen onderwijs, overheid en het bedrijfsleven gebruik van NARCIS.
NARCIS biedt toegang tot wetenschappelijke informatie waaronder (open access) publicaties afkomstig uit de repositories van alle Nederlandse universiteiten, KNAW, NWO en diverse wetenschappelijke instellingen, datasets van een aantal data-archieven, alsmede beschrijvingen van onderzoeksprojecten, onderzoekers en onderzoeksinstituten.
Dit houdt in dat NARCIS (nog) niet gebruikt kan worden als ingang tot complete overzichten van publicaties van onderzoekers. Er zijn echter steeds meer instellingen die al hun wetenschappelijke publicaties via NARCIS toegankelijk maken. Op deze wijze kunnen de publicatielijsten van de wetenschappers zo compleet mogelijk worden gemaakt.
In 2004 is de ontwikkeling van NARCIS gestart als een samenwerkingsproject van KNAW Onderzoek Informatie, NWO, VSNU en METIS in het kader van de dienstenontwikkeling binnen het DARE-programma van SURFfoundation. Dit project heeft de portal NARCIS verwezenlijkt, waarin in januari 2007 de dienst DAREnet is geïncorporeerd. Sinds 2011 is NARCIS een dienst van DANS.
A MOOC is an online course aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web.
National Academic Research and Collaborations Information System
NARCIS is the main national portal for those looking for information about researchers and their work. Besides researchers, NARCIS is also used by students, journalists and people working in educational and government institutions as well as the business sector.
NARCIS provides access to scientific information, including (open access) publications from the repositories of all the Dutch universities, KNAW, NWO and a number of research institutes, datasets from some data archives as well as descriptions of research projects, researchers and research institutes.
This means that NARCIS cannot be used as an entry point to access complete overviews of publications of researchers (yet). However, there are more institutions that make all their scientific publications accessible via NARCIS. By doing so, it will become possible to create much more complete publication lists of researchers.
In 2004, the development of NARCIS started as a cooperation project of KNAW Research Information, NWO, VSNU and METIS, as part of the development of services within the DARE programme of SURFfoundation. This project resulted in the NARCIS portal, in which the DAREnet service was incorporated in January 2007. NARCIS has been part of DANS since 2011.
When people create educational resources, they may choose to share them with others openly and freely. This means that others can use these materials as part of their courses and lessons without permission. A creator of an open textbook, for example, can give explicit permission to others to use their book free of charge. We call these open education resources (OER).
Read more about it in our LibGuide Resource Centre for Education Resources and Copyright