Scientific publications don't exist in isolation, but serve as a medium for communication between academics and are therefore part of the wider scientific process. During your work always keep in mind that you are part of a community. In other words: try to look 'beyond your own shadow'. What else is going on in the field? And how can your research contribute to this academic dialogue?
The video "Scientific Field" helps you to expand the reach and impact of your own investigations.
The research community is defined by academics responding to each other’s work. They can do this in various ways:
In new publications, this continuous passing on of knowledge is reflected in and facilitated by the inclusion of references to earlier publications. In the course of time, a huge body of scientific publications has been created, distributed around the world in libraries, archives and databases, to which the academic community constantly refers. By referring to other sources you acknowledge the contributions of others to your research field.
A reference is a statement of key details identifying a particular book, a particular chapter in a book or a particular journal article. A reference includes at least the name(s) of the author(s), the title of the document and the year of publication. These serve to distinguish clearly between the findings of your own research and text and data that you have gleaned from other sources. This is so that the reader may go back to the original publication and check out the information you have reproduced.
Academic disciplines use their own preferred style in which citations and references are supposed to be presented in any academic paper. In Theology and Religion Studies, specific journals use their very own styles: output styles. Be sure to comply with the style choice of a journal, to avoid the risk of paper rejection. Compare the examples below, the first two references construed according to a general style, the other two according to norms that are dominant in Theology & Religion Sciences.
Theology & Religion Sciences
While using the very same reference, the influence of the so-called output style is considerable. Promotors, journals and publishers often demand very specific styles, with specific criteria.
Although necessary, having to add references to your paper is time consuming and it is easy to make mistakes. Not only that, where do you store your gathered references and articles? Managing data gets more complex when the amount of data grows. Thankfully there are several programs that help you to organise your references from literature sources and your gathered articles. Every program has its pros and cons.
Recommended reference software packages are:
Usually, understanding these programs takes some time. But you do not have to figure out everything yourself. The University Library offers courses in which you learn how to use reference software in the most profitable way. Signing up for these courses is possible through the library website.
VU offers free software for its students, researchers and staff at this site
For students, researchers and staff not residing in the Netherlands there is a catch:
VU has restricted access to the site from outside the Netherlands.
This can be however, be solved by downloading and using eduUVPN. EduVPN establishes a safe connection to the downloadsite, making it possible to download the software. This could save you much money.
In all cases you need to use your VUnet-id.
NARCIS is dé nationale portal voor wie informatie zoekt over wetenschappers en hun werk. Naast wetenschappers maken ook studenten, journalisten en medewerkers binnen onderwijs, overheid en het bedrijfsleven gebruik van NARCIS.
NARCIS biedt toegang tot wetenschappelijke informatie waaronder (open access) publicaties afkomstig uit de repositories van alle Nederlandse universiteiten, KNAW, NWO en diverse wetenschappelijke instellingen, datasets van een aantal data-archieven, alsmede beschrijvingen van onderzoeksprojecten, onderzoekers en onderzoeksinstituten.
Dit houdt in dat NARCIS (nog) niet gebruikt kan worden als ingang tot complete overzichten van publicaties van onderzoekers. Er zijn echter steeds meer instellingen die al hun wetenschappelijke publicaties via NARCIS toegankelijk maken. Op deze wijze kunnen de publicatielijsten van de wetenschappers zo compleet mogelijk worden gemaakt.
In 2004 is de ontwikkeling van NARCIS gestart als een samenwerkingsproject van KNAW Onderzoek Informatie, NWO, VSNU en METIS in het kader van de dienstenontwikkeling binnen het DARE-programma van SURFfoundation. Dit project heeft de portal NARCIS verwezenlijkt, waarin in januari 2007 de dienst DAREnet is geïncorporeerd. Sinds 2011 is NARCIS een dienst van DANS.
A MOOC is an online course aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web.
National Academic Research and Collaborations Information System
NARCIS is the main national portal for those looking for information about researchers and their work. Besides researchers, NARCIS is also used by students, journalists and people working in educational and government institutions as well as the business sector.
NARCIS provides access to scientific information, including (open access) publications from the repositories of all the Dutch universities, KNAW, NWO and a number of research institutes, datasets from some data archives as well as descriptions of research projects, researchers and research institutes.
This means that NARCIS cannot be used as an entry point to access complete overviews of publications of researchers (yet). However, there are more institutions that make all their scientific publications accessible via NARCIS. By doing so, it will become possible to create much more complete publication lists of researchers.
In 2004, the development of NARCIS started as a cooperation project of KNAW Research Information, NWO, VSNU and METIS, as part of the development of services within the DARE programme of SURFfoundation. This project resulted in the NARCIS portal, in which the DAREnet service was incorporated in January 2007. NARCIS has been part of DANS since 2011.
When people create educational resources, they may choose to share them with others openly and freely. This means that others can use these materials as part of their courses and lessons without permission. A creator of an open textbook, for example, can give explicit permission to others to use their book free of charge. We call these open education resources (OER).
Read more about it in our LibGuide Resource Centre for Education Resources and Copyright